Bonded to People, Part II
Central Institute of Chemistry, Universidade Federal de
BWW Life Fellow Member Professor Randolph Riemschneider has summarized
his lifetime work in a soon to be published book  in which readers will find
some enlightening reports about the numerous people who influenced his life.
With this paper the author also continues his essay “Bonded to Compounds –
Chemistry has always been and remains the author’s life. For the sake of his devotion to chemistry, the author has resisted and confronted all problems which politics can involve, and has fought against resistances and intrigues. Here it is shown from whom and in what manner he received support and sorely-needed assistance.
This essay also represents
a piece of contemporary history, especially from the 1940s to the 1960s, regarding
Nobel Prize winners such as Profs Alder/Diels, Butenandt, R.Kuhn, Pauling,
Natta/Ziegler and in Germany well-known personages such as Profs. Dinghas
(mathematician), Lohmann (ATP), Sauerbruch, General Nobile, Dir. Dr. Scherer
(Freon HOECHST), and Dr. Ronge (attorney) as well as personages from
- The Editor
The author considers these early personal contacts (since 1962) to
In 1969, the proven structures of a German university were destroyed by
political havoc[i] and with them almost
everything the author had built up. Thanks to the almost completed assignment
During the years 1950 to 1969, the author had established valuable contacts with the industry all over the world. Of course, these were demonized at the FU from 1969 onwards, but quite without success in the case of Riemschneider!
Even though the radicals succeeded in the 1970s to cut off the contacts to Farbwerke HOECHST, the interruption lasted only until 1975. By then the author and some of his colleagues - assisted by member of Parliament Dr. Ursula Besser - succeeded in having the non-functional "Central Institute for Biochemistry and Biophysics" disbanded.
In 1969, the industry of
The author retired from the German university system in 1987 at the age of 67, but still engages in the Brasilian University UFSM, and co-operating with Japanese, Chinese, Brasilian, and Swiss industry in manufacturing, delevoping new preparations [18a-f] and in own research [e.g. 19, 26-33] in good health until to-day.
re 15) Professor Dr. Sankei Takei
The Director of the Institute of Agricultural Chemistry of Kyoto University and chief editor of the periodical "Pest Control Research" - Botyu-Kagaku  - established contact with the Japanese Chemical Society" and the Japanese Universities in Tokyo, Kyoto and Urawa for the author, namely Professor Dr. Yonezo Morino, Tokyo University, Professor Dr. John Shimozawa, ibidem, later at Saitama University in Urawa (also vice-chancellor), Professor Dr. Minoru Nakajima, Kyoto University and others
The first contacts with Japan came about in 1949 as a result of the two monographs mentioned earlier when the chief editor of the Japanese scientific magazine "Pest Control Research" (Botyu Kagaku), Professor Dr. Sankei Takei, Director of the Institute of Agricultural Chemistry at Kyoto University, approached the author with the request for a continuous exchange of literature, offering to send his quarterly publication on a regular basis. This arrangement was continued for over 30 years, giving the author the opportunity to publish a few important original articles in German with a Japanese abstract in this periodical .
At the same time, Professor Takei intensified the existing contacts with Professor Dr. Yonezo Morino, Tokyo University, Chemical Institute in 1950. Morino worked on issues of stereochemistry from the angle of Physical Chemistry, the author from the angle of Organic Chemistry. Professor Takei passed Morino's request to the author to provide certain polyhalocyclohexanes for measurements in connection with dissertations. No sooner said than done: The measurements conducted with our halogen compounds sent to Morino were reported in several publications [22a-c]
The first personal meeting with Takei took place in 1953 at a convention
Prof. Dr. S. Takei and author
October 22, 1953 (465) in 
Thanks to Takei, the contact with Nobel Prize Winner Professor Dr. A. Butenandt,
They became friends, a friendship that was to last until Takei's death and which, in a way, was transferred to Butenandt and the author. The former had worked on natural insecticides, the latter on synthetic ones.
After the first monograph of the author was published in 1947 ,
Professor Butenandt had asked for a copy and kept in touch since. This
acquaintance was then intensified by the
In 1957, Profs Butenandt and R. Kuhn had used their influence to secure a chair for the author who worked in the United States at the time and later employed students of the author, for example Dr. Kasang, in his institute.
In the years that followed, Takei made several visits to
re 16) YONEZO Morino
Professor Dr. Yonezo Morino, Chemical Institute, Tokyo University, physicist and physico-chemist, responsible for solving stereochemical problems, acted as a kind of "mentor" for the author for measuring and calculating dipole moments and the application of X-ray spectroscopy. This resulted in a cooperation of many years which ended successfully with the publication "STEREOCHEMISTRY, The Conversion Isomerism Case of the Monofluoroenedecachlorocyclohexanes: C6FCl11 isomers” in the Internet, 2007 at http://www.bwwsociety.org/journal/html/isomerie.htm 
The cooperation mentioned above started as early as 1952 when the author
sent polyhalocyclohexane for dipole measurements to
The first personal meeting with Morino took place in 1961 at his
institute and started off with great formality; also present were Takei,
Nakajima, and Shimozawa, all from
One of the labs contained a complicated STOCK apparatus with many, many glass tubes and cocks to all of which little notes with Japanese characters were attached. The author touched one on them and asked "What does this mean?" Roaring laughter: "Do not touch!". This had broken the spell and the mood became lighter. It was a good start.
In 1961, the author received an invitation from the Japanese Chemical
Society to give a lecture at the
In the course of the years, many more personal meetings took place
between Morino and the author both in Europe and in Asia; in 1978, they even
met twice: On November 11 of that year, the author was a guest of honour on the
occasion of Professor Morino's 70th birthday party in
Illustration 8: Morino with author
That will be all about
re 17) TORU AIKAWA
of YAMAKAWA and Company, Ltd.,
a limited company in
Under T. Aikawa (illustration 9) and its former president, Mr. Hiroshi
Kuriyama (illustration 10), YAMAKAWA & Comp. had established valuable
contacts with the pharmaceutical
and cosmetic industry such as TEIKOKUZOKI
Pharm. K.K. (TEIZO), HOKURIKU and POLA, SHISEIDO etc.
for whom the author developed several products until they were ready for production
and market launch: CELLRYL for TEIZO[iv],
n-PFE for POLA, collagens (starting substances of animal origin); CYTOCATALYZER, extracts (plant-based: yeast), cereal placentae: CELLRYEL ecc [18e,f]. The YAMAKAWA
company provided the necessary chain (export firm in
Illustration 9: Toru Aikawa Illustration 10: Kuriyama
Letter of the first president of YAMAKAWA Company, Ltd.
The POLA company under director Ito played an important role for YAMAKAWA company and in this connection for the author. Together with Dr. Ito, the author created the cosmetic line EVANGIL by using a combination of protein-free placenta extract with SEREX at a ratio of 3 : 1 as a cosmetic additive. SEREX increased the metabolic activity of skin cells (more ATP, more energy), placenta extracts provided sufficient nutrients so that the skin is not leached out by the activation. EVANGYL was a very successful cosmetic line without any complaints from the female customers. In appreciation, the author received the POLA medal; here two photographs of the presentation of the medal by director Ito (1978):
From left to right: POLA President Susuki, the author, Director
Ito. Handshake after presentation of the POLA
medal at the POLA meeting in
From left to right:
POLA President Susuki, the author, Director Ito.
Handshake after presentation of the POLA
medal at the POLA meeting in
From left to right: Director Ito, the author with a lady who is
presenting him with flowers after his speech of thanks. Approximately
2000 female POLA representatives (from door-to-door sales in many
countries) were present on this occasion. Because of the presentation of
Riemschneider, they had seen a simultaneous 4 slide show with pictures of
Germany, Berlin, Berlin Institute with the author and then finally: spot on
the author in person. Im
Festsaal anwesend ca. 2000 POLA-Repräsentatinnen (from door to
door-Verkauf in vielen Ländern) ,
denen vor dem Auftreten des Verfassers in 4
Dia-Produktionen gleichzeitig Bilder von Deutschland, dann von
Berlin und zum Schluss vom Berliner Institut mit Verfasser gezeigt worden waren.
From left to right:
Director Ito, the author with a lady who is presenting him with flowers after his speech of thanks.
Approximately 2000 female POLA representatives (from door-to-door sales in many countries) were present on this occasion. Because of the presentation of Riemschneider, they had seen a simultaneous 4 slide show with pictures of Germany, Berlin, Berlin Institute with the author and then finally: spot on the author in person.
Im Festsaal anwesend ca. 2000 POLA-Repräsentatinnen (from door to door-Verkauf in vielen Ländern) , denen vor dem Auftreten des Verfassers in 4 Dia-Produktionen gleichzeitig Bilder von Deutschland, dann von Berlin und zum Schluss vom Berliner Institut mit Verfasser gezeigt worden waren.
In the course of the author's visits to
An involuntary switch of shoes:
The POLA cosmetic
One evening in August
1972, a dinner sponsored by the group TEIKOKUZOKI PHARM,
Cormorant fishing in
On the occasion of a
A few comments on the private contacts with the Aikawa family in SPECIAL PART B).
re 18) GIUGLIO NATTA
Professor Natta, Direttore dell’Istituto di Chimica Industriale del Politecnico Milano, connoisseur of Italian mentality and the circumstances prevailing at the time, advised the author in 1951 against accepting the financially generous offer made by the Italian industry.
Following the lecture on the topic "Tiocarbamati" (later designated RIEMSCHNEIDER'S Reaction in literature) [24, 28] held in the Italian language on the occasion of the chemists' congress in Milano in September 1950, MONTECATINI (comparable to the German IG FARBEN) had made the author an offer to head a research lab and invited him to Milan for five weeks in April 1951 for negotiations and lectures.
At the beginning of April 1951, the author went to the library of the Polytechnic when he wanted to look at literature about camphene[v] and certain publications of Professor Fusco[vi] who worked for MONTECATINI. There he met Prof. Natta for the first time. In the ensuing conversation, Natta invited the author to lecture at internal colloquia at the institute on his special subjects "Lubricating Oil Syntheses" , "Assessment of vT Dependence" [25, 26], "Cyclisation of Alkines/Alkenes to Aromatics"  during the following two weeks.
At the end of April, the author went to
Natta, who was to win the Nobel Prize later, strongly advised to remain at a German university and take the opportunity to carry out research without being tied to a certain employer. A career in Italian industry or at an Italian university was not likely despite excellent results and talent, as long as the author did not belong to the Italian NOBILI, for example by marrying into one of these families.
That was good advice!
This fact was proven once more in 1969 when MONTECATINI was taken over
by an American group with many consequences for the employees. That same year,
a law passed in
Thanks to his research results, however, the author had been able in the meantime to establish many national and international contacts which enabled him to survive this radical change, i.e. to continue with his research projects and to finish most of them abroad. Thanks to his connections in the industry, the author succeeded in turning the losing situation resulting from the events in 1969 into a winning situation, i.e. less pure research in favour of “industrial research” yet still university teacher; cf. end note 19.
In the nineteen fifties and sixties, the author had many other occasions to "talk shop" with Professor Natta. The last of these was in May of 1964 in Milan when he spoke about the progress of his work in the field of "Investigations, constitution and physical properties (v,d,n) of organic compounds, primarily with respect to their lubricating oil characteristics" and about "Formulas for rating viscosity-temperature-dependence up to and including a method of maximum curvature Cmax" at a colloquium at the Polytechnic; PROJ III in .
The various discussions and meetings with Professor Natta in the years between 1951 and 1963 which were both amicable and impressive had instilled great respect for this outstanding scientist in the author. He saw Natta's genius confirmed in 1963 when Natta [together with Professor Karl Ziegler of the Carbon Research Institute of Mühlheim/Ruhr] was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1963 for "Macromolecular Chemistry of Polyalkenes" (Niederdruckpolyalkene).
The author had made the personal acquaintance of Professor Ziegler in
The author heard the inauguration speech of Ziegler who stated: “… he – as a specialist in metal-organic chemistry – did not yet feeling himself very familiar with the petro chemistry, but he would do and give his best in this field as well as his excellent co-workers.”
re 19) DINO MAROTTA, Roma
The author obtained great help from Professor Dr. Dino Marotta. Important for this were his three positions and functions explained here:
- (a) as editor of the periodical „GAZZETTA CHIMICA ITALIANA“
- (b) as president of the „SOCIETÁ DELLA CHIMICA ITALIANA”
- (c) as director of the “ISTIUTO SUPERIORE DI SANITÁ” Roma
ad (a) It was possible to deposit a paper for later publication in 1940 in the GAZZETTA CHIMICA ITALIANA (issued 1947) explanation in “re 1)” ; several original papers published there later .
ad (b) Marotta invited the author to give lectures
He established contacts to the management of MONTECATINI, Milano, Via Turati, as well as with Prof Dr. A. Coppadoro, editor of the periodical “La CHIMICA E L’ INDUSTRIA”: collecting material for “Correspondenze dall’estero (dalla Germania) per quella Rivista” for 12 years; cf examples in SPECIAL PART H).
ad (c) Mutual
interest in the field of PEST CONTROL RESEARCH.
Long time co-operation with Prof Dr Alessandrini of the mentioned
institute, both in
Prof.Alessandrini was interested in the analytics of chlorine insecticides and their environmental pollution. So the author told her about his ideas discussed with Prof. Schlossberger, University Jena in the 40ies  concerning the subject:
“Looking for microorganisms which are able to exterminate chlorine compounds in ground and water – as pollutant killer.”
DDT as well as M 410 are distinguished by a high residue effect – a problem in case of overdosing. Decomposition of the named insecticides can lead to many different Cl-containing products and components. Especially the smaller ones like chlorobenzene, Cl-contaning alcanes and alcenes could be “prey to microorganisms which are qualified to function as pollutant killer”.
In the 70ies and 80ies, we started more than 2000 model experiments with polluted soil contaminated with DDT, M 410, PCP, PCB, TCDD, or chlorobenzene, in Brasil, UFSM, checking the decease of Cl-content, checking for microorganisms, adding microorganisms – many soils imported (unpublished, cf PROJ. VIII in ).
re 20) UMBERTO NOBILE,
General, designer of airships ("Norge",
"Italia"), later Professor for Aerodynamics at
Nobile, friendly attached to Professor Dr. G.Natta of the Polytechnic Milano, had intensified the personal contacts between the author and Natta. Nobile advised to respect the opinion of his friend concerning
MONTECATINI work ecc..
For many years, there had been amicable contacts between the Riemschneider family and General Nobile through Nobile's wife Gertrud, who was the daughter of a friend from the youth of Riemschneider's mother.
The author visited General Nobile in Rom in April 1951 when he spent a
Thanks to the talks with General Nobile who had been the first to reach
the North Pole together with Roald Amundsen in 1926 (airship
"NORGE"), the author gained valuable insights into the field of
aerodynamics and the topic "rocket-propelled space travel" during the
years 1951, 1953 and later. Nobile had studied the research of Wernher von
Braun thoroughly and closely followed the development of astronautics in the
fifties in the
He was convinced it would be possible to overcome the earth's gravity with the aid of solid-fuel rockets, even better liquid-fuel rockets (liquid H2 plus liquid O2), to leave the earth and to move and work in space in suitable space suits.
He was to be proven right: First man on the moon in 1969 - General Nobile died in 1978.
U. Nobile, Elementi di Aerodinamica - standard work
W. Cross, "Tragödie am Pol" ("Tragedy at the Pole"), Munich 2001
E. Behonnek, "Stehen Wache auf der Eisscholle" (Keeping watch on an ice floe), 1930
A) Morino-KOKI – Celebration to the 70th birthday of Yonezo Morino
B) Private contacts to Aikawa family
C) “Bonds rich in energy”
D) Presentation of title “Dr.honoris causa”
F) Reactions in compressed CO2 – Inorganic-organic solvents
having a low melting point (polar ionic, non-aqueous solvents)
G) concerning Brazil
H) Correspondente dell’estero
J) Start and development of C5Cl6-chemistry
A) Morino-KOKI - Celebration to his 70th birthday
The cooperation with scientists of Japanese Universities and, later on, with the Japanese Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Industry has been acknowledged in connection with the different individual projects.
Here are a few remarks on the topic "Morino-KOKI" in the year
1978, i.e. when the author was invited from
1) "η-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachloro-cyclohexane - constitution and spatial structure“
in cooperation with Gg. R. Schultze, Y. Morino, O. Matter, H. Mutter, F.R. Pesserl, S. Takei, M.Z. Azhar - from 1945 on: [14a,b-16]; see also Tab 2 in E).
2) "Stereoisomes of monofluorenedecachlorocyclohexane -conversion isomerism"
in cooperation with Y. Morino, O. Matter, T.J. Shimozawa, S. Singer, W. Plieth, M.Z. Azhar (from 1949 on).
The research on this subject was 1978 still running.
A conclusive endreport and summary of all data are published together with Morino in 2007 : conversion isomerism
A photograph of this event is shown in illustration 12.
Illustration 12: Morino-KOKI
On the occasion of the celebratory event: In the middle, Prof. Morino and his wife with the author to her right.
As a birthday present, the author had put together an album with
photographs made between 1961 and 1977 on the occasion of personal meetings in
What does "Morino-KOKI" mean?
Koki, when added to the name of the celebrant, means "Ko" for
"old" and "ki" for rare - i.e. in former times, a long life
up to 70 years was very rare. In
this connection, a few other important events celebrated in
Survey with explanations in a letter from T. Aikawa, Yamakawa Comp. from 26 July 1998: Plate 5a,b.
As far as BEI JU is concerned, here is an addition derived from conversations with Japanese friends. The Chinese character for "BEI" of BEI JU also stands for rice. Rice does not have a great value, nor has the age of 88, at least not as far as health is concerned.
Characters of 5a
Professor Morino's thanks to the author were expressed in the form of a calligraphy he had made himself with a quotation of Confucius from his work "RONGO": "Great is the joy to see a friend who comes far".
On this occasion, it may be mentioned that - against the express wish of Prof. Riemschneider - the Free University celebrated his 60th birthday (in the Japanese sense, a "Riemschneider-KANREKI"); cf. laudation for 17 Nov 1980
The reason why the author was so set against any celebrations at the University - including a big party for his 65th (successfully deflected!) may be given in short: "State funeral with rocks in the coffin." One must not forget that, thanks to the new University Law passed in 1969, practically all of the author's research at the FU had to be discontinued: wide-spread research activities in different fields of chemistry were whittled down to one small team; last paragraphs in re 6). That his research could be continued nevertheless, became possible only through:
- Establishment of labs at BÖTTGER KG (then a GmbH) as head of research in 1968 - 1997,
- Utilisation of the facilities of the Brazilian Federal University Santa Maria (USM or UFSM, respectively) for which the author set up a chemical central institute with all branches of Chemistry (from 1963 – 73) according to the German model (from 1966 on).
- Assistance from Japanese scientists and the Japanese industry.
- Assistance from Farbwerke HOECHST even though the employment contract of more than 20 years had to be interrupted for some years (1969-75). Any cooperation with the "capitalist big industry" had to be stopped at the instigation of left-wing forces. About 30 years later, the same people active during the uprising of 1968 called for elite universities which they themselves had prevented (PROJ VIII 4,4 in ).
B) Private contacts with the Aikawa family:
Close contacts right from the beginning existed and still exist with the Aikawa family: The author saw Jun, the son of Aikawa and now President of the company, grow up, attended his wedding and was present on the occasion of the 25-year anniversary of the Yamakawa company in 1984.
Both Mr. Aikawa (then vice-president) and Mr. Kuriyama (then president) took the opportunity during each of the author's visits to Japan (annually from 1972 onwards for over 30 years) to introduce him to Japanese culture as requested: e.g. Kabuki and NO-theatre, cormorant fishing in Gifu, a firefly evening in the garden of a Japanese restaurant, Osaka castle, Japanese Doll Museum in Kyoto and doll trading, ivory trading (assistance on procuring antique ivory), Mongolian and Chinese restaurants (Seven Heaven), Kobe beef; Geisha party, Sumo wrestlers, visits to revues in Tokyo and Osaka.
There were also visits to the Imperial Palaces in
A few words about an event which Aikawa reported to the author. Aikawa
who had been born in
The older Mr. Aikawa visited the author in
C) “Bonds rich in energy” in the „Biological Chemistry“
In Biological Chemistry the term “bonds rich in energy”, can be understood better by the term “bonds with higher group transfer potential”; meaning: the capacity of chemical compounds to store chemical energy, for instance in form of ATP, GTP, TTP ecc.
The author explained this subject in his lectures held for students of Chemistry, Biology and Medicine by means of Plates (here number 7-9) taken from his book “Material für Biochemische Einführungsvorlesungen“  , first Edition 1969.
The term "bonds rich in energy" does not relate to the true bonding energy of a covalent bond, but merely indicates that there is a comparatively large difference in energy between the reacting substance and the energy content of the reaction product. The change in the chemical potential upon transfer of the phosphate groups, for example from one molecule to the other, is substantial. The term "higher group transfer potential" seems better suited ; cf. also footnote 10.
Plate 10a: Titel
Titel of :
Plate 10b: Introduction to :
General sketch of metabolism (cf. Illustration 6), taken from :
D) Presentation of title “Dr.honoris causa”
When receiving his honorary doctorate on August 24, 1973, simultaneously with the title “Professor honoris causa” (documents from Aug 23th and Dec 7th,1973 in Plate 11a, b), the author gave the following lecture to the Senate of the Federal University of Santa Maria Santa Maria, UFSM (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria) which appears under lecture I below.
The author also gave a lecture on the occasion of the inauguration of the institute which had taken place on the same day as the meeting of the Senate in his honour (in the morning): lecture II
Lecture I R.Riemschneider, Discurso „Cooperação e contato Teuto-Brasiliera (no campo da pesquisa e tecnologia bem como no ensino e educação)”, Ministério Educação e Cultura Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 24 de Agosto de 1973
Lecture II R.Riemschneider, Discurso para a inauguração do Instituto Central de Química no dia 24 de Agosto, 1973, Ministério Educação e Cultura UFSM, 24 de Agosto 1973
There is a photograph showing the presentation of the doctor's cap (illustration 13), also taken from the publication reporting on the awarding of the title :
from right to left: Professor Dr.Jose Mariano da Rocha Filho, (Rektor der UFSM), Professor Dr.R.Riemschneider, Professor Dr.Domingo Crossetti, (Dekan), Professor Dr.Helios Bernardi, (Prorektor).
Lecture I :
Illustration 14 shows a photo taken in the morning of August 24, 1973, on occasion of the inauguration of the Chemical Central Institut – photo placed after the text of lecture II.
Lecture II :
In the following Plates 11a and 11b you find the copies of the documents concerning the title presentations to Prof.Dr.Randolph Riemschneider:
- O TÍTULO DE DOUTOR “HONORIS CAUSA”
pelos relevantes serviços prestados
a Universidade Federal de
- O TÍTULO DE PROFESSOR “HONORIS CAUSA”
pelos relevantes serviços presentados a Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, e ao Ensino Superior Brasileiro
REPUBLICA FEDERATIVA DO BRASIL
MINISTERIO DA EDUCAÇÃO E CULTURA
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE
Illustration 14: Photo taken in occasion of the inauguration of the Central institute on 24 August 1973
(3) (1) (2)
View in a laboratory during the first round – showing the following representatives of the UFSM:
1: Professor Dr.José Mariano da Rocha Filho, Vice-chancellor
2: Professor Dr.Helios Bernardi, Prorector
3: Author, Diretor Coordinador of the Chemical Central Institute
Plate 11 a:
E) h-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachloro-cyclohexane (h-I), chair-configuration 1e2e3e4a5e6a (and z-I: 1e2e3a4e5a6a)
Constitution of h-I:
That the new isomer h-I belongs to the 1,2,3,4,5,6-serie is shown by the treatment with Zn-dust (→ benzene), and with alkali (→trichlorobenzenes), carried out with micro amounts
Configuration of h-I:
Determined by dipolmoment measurements: e.e.e.a.e.a,
found: 3,2 D, calc. 3,5 D [14b]. RAMAN-spectra - 611b in .
With exception of the isomer e.a.e.a.e.a all theorectical possible chair-configurations of the 1,2,3,4,5,6-series were isolated and determined; so performed from the author on 15 Aug 1964 in the colloquium held in Sala de Atos, Edificio sede da UFSM, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil
List of the isolated C6H6Cl6-isomers
a - C6H6Cl6 mp. 159°C (e.e.e.e.a.a)
b - C6H6Cl6 mp. 309°C (e.e.e.e.e.e)
g - C6H6Cl6 mp. 113°C (e.e.e.a.a.a)
d - C6H6Cl6 mp. 139°C (e.e.e.e.e.a)
e - C6H6Cl6 mp. 218°C (e.e.a.e.e.a)
z - C6H6Cl6 mp. 88/89°C (e.e.a.e.a.a) *
h - C6H6Cl6 mp. from 70°C (e.e.e.a.e.a)
In Table 2 there will be shown the spatial structure of the seven isomers.
* z-I: The real** z-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachloro-cyclohexan, mp 88-89° C (z-I) is described in ref (608) in PROJ IX (1), here ref (20)
Our proof of constitution: z-I belongs to the 1,2,3,4,5,6 series because it is converted to benzene through the zinc dust treatment, cleaving 6 Cl atoms. When exposed to alkali it reacts, forming trichlorobenzenes (cleaving 3 HCl).
Our proof of configuration: Short-term chlorination of z-I in an open vessel to CCl4 resulted in an oil from which were obtained by means of chromatographic adsorption: d-1,1,2,3,4,5,6-heptachloro-cyclohexane with a melting point of 138 to 140° C (d-IV of the configuration ea.e.e.a.a.e) and a-1,1,2,3,4,4,5,6-octachloro-cyclohexane with a melting point of 93°C (a-III of the configuration ea.e.e.ea.e.a).
stepwise chlorination of z-I: z-C6H6Cl6 mp 88 - 89°C (e.e.a.e.a.a) → d-C6H5Cl7 mp 138 - 140°C (ea.e.e.a.a.e) [d-IV] → a-C6H4Cl8 mp 93°C (ea.e.e.ea.e.a) [a-III]
** About the so-called z-isomer, an C6H6Cl6 isomer[vii] with Cl-atoms in the position 1,1,2,4,4,5 [and not in 1,2,3,4,5,6 as believed Hassel and co-worker and called it by mistake z-isomer] see 5 publications in  and also next page.
"zeta-Gezeter" (Gezeter: Much ado about nothing) over the zeta-isomer or the "zeta-isomers" of C6H6Cl6 (ζ- C6H6Cl6)
[This concludes Part II of the three-part series in which this paper appears; Part III will appear in the upcoming January-February 2009 issue]
[i] see last paragraphs in „re 6)“, „re 7)” and SPECIAL PART A)
[ii] It was pointed out in the introduction
to PROJ IX  that the Free University
had financial problems during the first years of its existence and had to rely
on funds from the
[iii] At the invitation of the Japanese Chemical Society, Kyoto, the author gave several lectures at the Institute for Agricultural Chemistry, Kyoto University, headed by Professor Takei in August and September 1961, e.g. .
[iv] For example, from 1973 on the injection preparation CELLRYL (Japanese name), developed by the author, produced in Germany and registered for sale in Japanese clinics, was supplied in amounts of up to 30.000 litres per year under the German name SEREX, as were cosmetics additives on the basis of placenta and yeast.
CELLRYL served many years as an ULCUS THERAPEUTICUM; details in PROJ XXIII in .
[v] Among other things, the management of
MONTECATINI wanted the author to first work on the preparation of camphene. The
author knew that, in
[vi] In preparation of a discussion with
Prof.Fusco. Fusco worked for MONTECATINI in the field of crop protection, a
special subject of Dr. Riemschneider. Even after three weeks in
[vii] In six publications under the title “The so-called z-hexachloro-cyclohexane” resp “Hexachlorocyclohexane mp146°C” the author cleared constitution and configuration of this C6H6Cl6 isomer: 
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